Sports Injury

Sports Injury and Pain

We are all encouraged to exercise in order to maintain our health and a balanced lifestyle. Indeed, there is a wide range of activities we can participate in from a solo jog around the block to gym classes, yoga, cycling, joining the local football team or swimming. 

While (usually) enjoying such activities and indeed the effects they can have on our bodies and self-esteem, there are risks if we are not careful. Sports-related injuries can include everything from a sprained ankle to a strained hamstring or a broken leg, potentially affecting any part of the body including muscles, bones, joints and connective tissues like tendons and ligaments.

Sprains and strains

Sprains and strains are the most common type of sports injury - where the ligaments or muscles are stretched, twisted or torn.1  Symptoms can include pain, swelling, bruising and tenderness around the joint or in the muscle and movement is restricted.

Sprains are most common in the ankles and wrists, while strains are most common in the groin area and hamstrings (muscle at the back of the thigh). Difflam 3% Cream is ideal for these types of injuries, quickly relieving symptoms and available in two convenient sizes - 35gm and 100gm - for when you're on the go or at home.

Bone Injuries

spine injury

Bone injuries include:

  • Stress fractures - when a tiny crack develops in a bone as a result of repeated stress, usually caused during high-impact activities like distance running.
  • Shin splints - when the tissues surrounding the shin bone become inflamed, again commonly associated with running.
  • Broken bones - usually affecting the ankle, arm, wrist, leg, toes or fingers, broken bones cause swelling, significant bruising and tenderness around the injured area, as well as bleeding if the bone has broken through the skin (otherwise known as an 'open fracture'). The severe pain deriving from a broken bone can often also cause a person to feel faint, dizzy and sick.

Joint Injuries

Joint Injury

Joint inflammation can be caused by health conditions that affect the joints and tendons, and is exacerbated by exercise. Difflam 3% Cream can be used to relieve the symptoms of both of the following conditions affecting the joints:

  • Bursitis - inflammation of the bursa, which is a small fluid-filled sac beneath the skin, usually covering joints and between tendons and bones. This condition is common in the knee, hip and elbow.
  • Tendonitis - inflammation of a tendon, often around the shoulder, elbow, wrist, fingers, thigh, knee or back of the heel. Tennis elbow is a type of tendonitis that affects the outside of elbow, triggered by repetitive movement of the lower arm muscles. Golfer's elbow is similar, but the swelling occurs on the inside of the elbow. 

Dislocation is another common injury, which involves a force pushing the bone in a joint out of alignment. While such an injury usually requires medical attention, the joint can often be put back in place, although the connective tissue surrounding the joint may be damaged and cause pain for some time afterwards. The most common joints that are dislocated are the fingers, hands and shoulders.2



  1. NHS Choices. Sports injuries -- Examples. Link [Accessed January 2016]
  2. Myers Sports Medicine & Orthopaedic Center. The 5 most common sports injuries. Link [Accessed January 2016]


UK/DIF/15/0002d Date of preparation: January 2016