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Why do we get sore throats and how can we prevent them?

Having a sore throat is never a pleasant experience, and there are a number of reasons that we may suffer from them.

We often get a sore throat when we are unwell, particularly in winter when the common cold virus is rife. Allergies can sometimes cause sore throats, too, as can strain such as when we sing or shout for any long period of time. With sore throats being so common, it is important that we know how to prevent them, as this should mean that we are much less likely to suffer in the long term.

Know how to treat a sore throat

If you do get a sore throat the good news is that they're relatively easy to treat. Drinking plenty of cool fluids is helpful and can soothe a sore throat, as it can help to relieve some of the inflammation. Many people find Difflam Spray to be effective, as it is a locally acting analgesic and anti-inflammatory treatment for the throat and mouth.

Eat well

Your immune system works incredibly well when it is kept in good shape, and by far the best way to ensure that this is the case is by eating a healthy, balanced diet. This should include as many fruits and vegetables as possible, and should also include healthy amounts of each food group. This will help your immune system to work continuously with regards to battling viruses, meaning that you are likely to be able to avoid sore throats.

Avoid irritants

There are certain things, such as smoke from cigarettes or pollen in the summer, that could cause a sore throat. Where possible, it is advisable to avoid these irritants, as this means that they would be unable to irritate your throat.

Rest your voice 

If you use your voice constantly, for example if you are a singer or work in a call centre, you may find that this puts a lot of strain on your voice box. For this reason, you should take time out of each day to rest your voice, and you should find that this gives your throat the chance to recover before the next day.

Breathe through your nose

To avoid germs reaching the back of your throat, you should try to breathe through your nose when possible. The reason for this is that your nose is a very effective bacteria filter, meaning that if you breathe in this way it is likely that bacteria would be trapped before being able to get to your throat.

Keep hydrated

If you find that your throat is feeling a little dry, you should find that a few sips of water will help with this. This will help to ensure that any bacteria is washed away from your throat, and that it stays moist and comfortable. 

Ultimately, it is very important to ensure that you keep your throat in the best possible condition – as this means that you will be able to remain happy and healthy in the future.

UK/DIF/16/0007 

Date of preparation: June 2016