This is something most people who’ve exercised know only too well. It’s not just limited to planned exercise sessions either – gardening, DIY and even carrying heavy shopping bags can all mean using certain muscles more than we might on a typical day, and so we end up feeling the pain the day after. When it comes to working out, there are two stages of muscular soreness: the “burn” you experience during and immediately after exercise, and delayed onset muscle soreness, which typically kicks in within twenty-four hours.
The majority of the pain we feel is most likely due to “microtrauma”, which are small tears in the muscle fibres. When it’s given time to recover, your body not only heals those tears but also builds additional muscle tissue in an effort to prevent it happening again. Your body benefits from the process, becoming stronger as a result. Problems can occur, however, when insufficient time is allowed for recovery between exercise sessions, leading these small microtraumas to develop into more major injuries, such as ruptured tendons, torn ligaments or loss of joint function.
When you exercise you lose fluids, and if you don’t replace them you can experience some pretty unpleasant symptoms, including muscle cramps, headaches, nausea, and dizziness. If you experience these symptoms when exercising, you should stop and drink either some water or a rehydrating sports drink. If you continue to exercise beyond that point, then it can lead to heat exhaustion which is a potentially fatal condition.
If you feel compelled to exercise irrespective of the weather, the pain you are in, the illness you’re suffering or the cost to your relationships, then you may be addicted. One definition of addiction is the repetition of a behaviour past the point where it becomes self-injurious. As well as leading to injury, too much exercise can cause depression and exhaustion.
It can be hard to define “over-exercise” because not only are we all different from one another, but we can also have differing personal levels of tolerance to exercise depending on illness or injury, stress levels, food intake and many other factors. Signs that your body may be struggling to cope with your exercise regimen include fatigue, muscle pain, aching joints, mood swings and changes in sleep patterns. So how do you get the most from your workouts? These simple tips should help:
Date of Prep: August 2016